Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow. Addresses, exhibitions, website, prices 2021, reviews and photos, please reach, Hotels - Tourster.ru
The Tretyakov Gallery is a historic museum complex in the center of Moscow, which has one of the largest collections of Russian painting in the world.
The permanent exposure of the gallery is located in several buildings. The Tretyakovka preserves, explores and popularizes the art of Russia: provides wide access to recognized painting masterpieces.
Prices in the Tretyakov Gallery 2021
- Lavrushinsky lane (main exposure + temporary exhibitions): for adults - 500 rubles, preferential - 300 rubles;
- Complex entrance (main building + engineering building): for adults - 800 rubles, preferential - 300 rubles;
- New Tretyakovka on the Crimean Shaft (exposition "Art of the XX Century" and some temporary exhibitions): for adults - 500 rubles, preferential - 300 rubles.
For children (all visitors up to 18 years) Entrance to the Tretyakovka is free.
Additional information on the official website:
Where to buy tickets
Tickets on the official website of the Tretyakov Gallery are sold with an open date: to the main building and individual museums.
Entry for electronic tickets is in the order of the general queue, but you do not need to stand at the cashier.
Main building and new Tretyakovka:
- Monday - closed;
- Tuesday, Wednesday - from 10:00 to 18:00;
- Thursday, Friday, Saturday, Sunday - from 10:00 to 21:00.
The entrance to the gallery closes an hour until the end of the working day.
Video about the Tretyakov Gallery in Moscow
Date of the gallery - 1856. It was then that the collector and patron of Pavel Mikhailovich Tretyakov first acquired the works of Russian painters - paintings by V. G. Khudyakov and N. G. Schilder.
For the first time, the townspeople were able to see a significantly increasing collection Tretyakov in 1867: the Tretyakov brothers gallery opened in Zamoskvorechye, in which more than 1,800 exhibits were numbered, of which 1276 paintings.
Under the city of Moscow, Pavel Mikhailovich handed his art gallery in 1892. By that time, the collection expanded to more than 1900 art items.
Gallery and now is located in the house acquired by the Tretyak family in 1851. Over time, new premises have been completed for the constantly replenished collection to the mansion. The beautiful facade of the gallery was created by the architect V. N. Bashkirov in the drawings of the artist V. M. Vasnetsov, and A. M. Kalmykov was led by its construction from 1902 to 1904.
The name "State Tretyakov Gallery" Complex received in 1918. The most important source of replenishment of the meeting in the first Soviet years was the created State Museum Foundation. In subsequent years, the gallery was completed and received new platforms - the House of the merchant Sokolikova, the Church of Nicholas St. in Tolmachi. During the years, the exposition was evacuated to Novosibirsk and Perm (at that time - Molotov). On May 17, 1945, the Tretyakov Gallery reopened again in Moscow. In 1980-1992, the exposition of the exposition area continued, the engineering building was built south of the main building. The art gallery on the Crimean shaft was part of the Tretyakov in 1985.
Sculptural portrait of P. M. Tretyakova, made by S. M. Volzuhin, ©Elena Yakhontova
Museums of the Tretyakov Gallery
The main exposition of the museum is located in two buildings - historical in Lavrushinsky Lane and the new on the Crimean shaft.
The main building
Address: Lavrushinsky lane, 10.
In the historic building of the gallery, more than 1300 works of art are constantly presented: these are the works of Russian painters of the XI - the beginning of the twentieth century. The building is constantly carried out and replacing each other's exhibitions a narrow subject: drawings, graphics, painting from the Tretyakov Foundation and other major museums are exhibited.
Address: Crimean shaft, 10.
Currently, the building "Art of the XX Century" is located in the building of this picture gallery. Along with the permanent exposition, temporary exhibitions are held on individual artists and directions, anniversary collections are exhibited, materials about the revolutionary years.
Address: Lavrushinsky lane, 12.
The building located near the historic gallery is used as a platform for temporary exhibitions, lectures and film transitions.
Cultural Center in Tolmach
Address: Small Tolmachevsky Lane, House 6, p. 1.
Located next to the existing temple of St. Nicholas in Tolmachas, which is also included in the Tretyakov Gallery complex. In addition to the exhibition space in the Cultural Center, a lecture hall and a creative studio are placed. For visitors, this gallery playground is open for the time of events.
House Museum V. M. Vasnetsova
Address: Lane Vasnetsova, 13.
The "Teremok" house is built according to the author's sketches, the exposition is the original interior and works on fabulous topics.
Museum-apartment A. M. Vasnetsova
Address: Furmane lane, 6, 3 floor, square. 21-22.
In this apartment, the landscape officer lived from 1903 to 1933. Lectures are leaked in the memorial museum, literary-musical evenings.
Museum-workshop A. S. Golubina
Address: Large Levoshinsky Lane, 12.
Sculptor Anna Semenovna Golubina lived in a one-story mansion from 1910 to 1927. In the workshop created in 1934, it was possible to preserve the atmosphere of the artistic studio of the beginning of the XX century. The exposition is a workplace, the sculptor tools and its works, transferred to the family of duchinka to the state.
Museum A. S. Bluebina since September 2017 is on reconstruction
Museum P. D. Corina
Address: Small Pirogovskaya Street, 16, p. 5.
The memorial museum is located in the house-workshop, where the artist, restorer Pavel Dmitrievich Corin, lived and worked from 1934 to 1967, the author of the Rulev Outdoor Cycle, the portrait and the creator of the mosaic panel for the Moscow Metro.
Museum P. D. Corina is closed for reconstruction until 2022
On the official website a detailed map of the Tretyakov Museum Complex:
The museum complex funds are more than 180,000 works of art of different eras and directions.
Icons and Old Russian painting
The richest collection of Russian icon paintings of the XI-XVII centuries, which now has a gallery, was mainly formed in Soviet years.
The permanent exposition of the art of ancient Russia and Iconopy is placed in the halls No. 56 - 62. It will be possible to see the works of the greatest icon painters, first of all, Faofan Greek, Dionysius, Simon Ushakov and Andrei Rublev.
The second half of the XIX century
The best collection of works of the mobile phone: Painting I. N. Kramsky, V. M. Vasnetsova, I. I. Shishkin, V. D. Polenova, V. G. Pereova, A. K. Savrasova, G. M. Myasedova, K. A. Savitsky, V. E. Makovsky and others.
The creativity of I. E. Repin (including the paintings "Ivan Grozny and his son Ivan", "did not expect"), V. I. Surikov ("Fear Morozova", "Morning Strelets"), V. V. Vereshchagin ( "Rich Kyrgyz hunter with falcon").
End XIX - early XX centuries
Outstanding artists of this period:
- M. A. Vrubel ("Demon Sitting");
- I. I. Levitan ("Over the Eternal Region", "Evening Ring");
- V. A. Serov ("Girl with Peaches");
- K. A. Korovin ("in the boat", "Parisian cafe, the second half of the 1890s");
- M. V. Nesterov ("Vision of the Patterns of Bartholomew", "Silence");
- B. M. Kustodiev (Bolshevik, "Beauty", "Maslenitsa");
- N. K. Roerich ("Ashram", "Gonole");
- A. N. Benua, K. A. Somov and other masters of the "World Peace";
- Union of Russian artists;
- Association "Blue Rose";
- Society of artists "Bubnovaya Valet".
M. A. Vrubel, "Demon Sitting", Image from the Collection of the Tretyakov Gallery,official site
Contemporary Art, XX Century (New Tretyakovka)
Assembly of contemporary art - over 5000 works: from abstract painting post-war years to the most significant artistic works of the 2000s.
Main destinations and sections:
- Kinetism and optical art
- Mystics and surrealists,
- New realism
- Pop Art,
- Minimalism and post-disconnect abstraction,
- Social art
- Conceptualism - image in my head,
- Poetry and letter
- Understanding machines
- Conceptualism - a new generation,
- Postmodern archeology
- Shareness of the 1990s,
- Project: Art of 2000.
Famous artists: Cookryniks (M. V. Kupriyanov, P. N. Krylov, N. A. Sokolov), I. E. Grabar, P. P. Konchalovsky, Vl. A. Serov, N. V. Tomsky, S. D. Mekurov and others.
The main masterpiece and the center of attraction in the Tretyakovka on the Crimean shaft is the picture of Kazimir Malevich "Black Suprematic Square".
You can get acquainted with the Tretyakov Gallery collection - on the official site convenient sorting by periods and authors.
Exhibitions in the Tretyakov Gallery
In the main building and at the Tretyakov Gallery sites, along with a permanent exposition, there are always several interesting temporary exhibitions of the most different subjects - from the work of one artist to the collections of portraits and historical painting dedicated to the city or significant place. In addition, visitors of the exhibitions falls a chance to see the exhibits from the funds of other museums.
At the Tretyakov Gallery sites, creative and educational formats are regularly held. Guests of museums are invited to visit:
- Kinosteans (in engineering building),
- Official and creative meetings (main building and engineering building),
- Lectures (New Tretyakovka, Engineering Corps),
- Concerts and performances (New Tretyakovka).
Every year, the gallery participates in the international campaign "Night Museums": prepares a rich special program with master classes, express excursions, a concert. You can visit on this day and branches of the museum until 23:00 or until midnight (the schedule is different, you need to specify in the Night Museums program). A similar tradition developed on the "Night of Arts".
At this event, the gallery is not limited to: every year new interesting projects are launched, festivals are held, local museum promotions.
Tretyakov Gallery Tours
Employees of the gallery carry out sightseeing excursions, talk about individual periods and directions, and also accompany school groups. Excursion services are provided by prior orders for any groups and individually.
How to get
Below - in detail about transport to the main exhibition sites.
Metro to the Tretyakov Gallery
Getting to the Tretyakov Gallery in Lavrushinsky Lane is the most convenient for the subway - to the Tretyakovskaya station, Orange Line (Kaluga-Riga) and Yellow (Kalininskaya). You can also get to the Polyanka metro station (gray line - Serpukhovsky-Timiryazevskaya), from which 700 meters on foot.
The new Tretyakovka is located on the territory of the Museum complex located between the Park Culture Park metro stations (Red Sokolnicheskaya and Brown Ring Line) and Oktyabrskaya (ring and orange Kaluga-Riga line).
Appropriate land transport to the main building (Laurelist lane) - the M5 bus to stop "Tretyakovskaya metro", the M6 bus and Trolleybus number 8 before the "Big Yakimanka" stop.
In land transport to the new Tretyakov (Crimean shaft), it is necessary to stop the "Gorky Park" (buses - B, T10).
To quickly reach the Tretyakov Gallery (and in general, for traveling in Moscow, not at rush hour), it is convenient to use the applications of the largest taxi services - Yandex. Taxi, Uber, Gett, Maxim.
How to go to the Tretyakov Gallery
Coordinates for the Navigator: Historic Building 55.741420, 37.620726, New Building 55.735404, 37.605398.
From the main building to the gallery on the Crimean shaft, transport is not necessary: between museums only 1.5 km on foot, scheme, how to go, below:
In our rapid 21 century, people have become increasingly traveling around the world. And they ride not only to relax in nature, at sea, but also to get acquainted with cultural attractions.
In Moscow, the All-Russian Museum Association "State Tretyakov Gallery" (GTG or Tretyakovka) became one of these centers of "cultural pilgrimage".
In contact with
A bit of history
It is believed that the history of the gallery creation began when the merchant Pavel Mikhailovich Tretyakov bought two pictures of compatriots' artists. It happened in 1856. In the future, in 67, the "Moscow City Gallery of Paul and Sergei Tretyakov" opened in Zamoskvorechye for all wishes.
This is interesting: determining the opera, what did this genre arose?
Later, in August 1892, the collection was presented to the Tretyak City of Moscow. Formally, the museum was opened on August 15, 1893
At first, the gallery was placed in the Trait Mansion But gradually the extension was made to store the expanding collection. The final view of the Tretyakov was obtained in 1902-1904. The project plan was developed by architect V.N. Bashkirov according to the sketches of the artist V. M. Vasnetsov.
It is interesting: modern dance styles, all directions to the list.
In the future, other buildings were attached to the Tretyakov: the temple, museums, houses and apartments of famous Russian artists.
Today, GTG - This is a huge museum complex, which includes eight buildings and buildings.
Address of the Tretyakov Gallery and its departments
- The main building of the museum complex is called the State Tretyakov Gallery. On the map of Moscow, it is located in the city center, within the Garden Ring, close to the Moscow River. It is located at: Per. Lavrushinsky, House number 10. The Tretyakovka contains a huge collection of paintings and icons, each of which is a masterpiece of Russian art art. Its main exposure is devoted to Russian painting from the 10th century and before the beginning of the 20th century.
The Tretyakov Gallery is located in the same place where the Metro Tretyakovskaya and Novokuznetskaya is located. The easiest way to get to the Tretyakov from the Tretyakovskaya station. Exit the subway. Lift to the street from the metro and go to the street wearing the name of a big rational. Go it, and you will find yourself at the Bara-Restaurant building. To the left of the Bara-Restaurant building will be an Odysh Still. Next, go to the end of the Ordahn's dead end, past the Schmelev Square, before Lavrushinsky's alley. On the other side, the alley will stand the structure of the engineering building, and the right of it from it GTG .
Station "Novokuznetskaya" is located near the Tretyakovskaya station. Go to the transition of the metro station "Novokuznetskaya" - "Tretyakovskaya" and exit the subway. Next, go to the same route, as from Tretyakovskaya station. From the reverse side of the engineering building is the temple of St. Nicholas on Tolmach. His address: Lane Small Tolmachevsky, house number 9. Church artistic values are exhibited here.
- The new Tretyakovka is located on the street of Crimea shaft, 10. The Tretyakov Gallery on the Crimean Shaft introduces the works of Soviet and Russian artists of the period of the newest history, that is, the 20th century and early 21st century.
Near it is such subway stations such as Oktyabrskaya and Park of Culture.To get from the station "Oktyabrskaya"
, I need, coming out of the metro, go to the underground transition through the street Big Yakimanka, then go through the Crimean Shaft to the Central House of the artist (CDH). In this house and the Tretyakov Gallery is located. To get to her from the park "Park of Culture", you need to go through the Novocrym passage, then in the Crimean Bridge to turn left to the street Crimea shaft.
Houses, apartments and workshops of artists
- House-Museum V. M. Vasnetsova, a famous storytechnical artist, is located in the Meshchansky district of the city of Moscow. His address: Lane Vasnetsova, house number 13. Here you can find out how a great artist lived, and also to get acquainted with his famous and less well-known works. You can go to it from the metro station "Prospect Mira". To do this, coming out of the subway, you need to go along the street of Gilyarovsky left. Get to Durov Street and turn right. Then, bypassing Shchepkin Street, roll on the street Meshchanskaya and go through her to Vasnetsov's alley. 100 meters along the alley. And you near the museum.
- Museum-apartment Apollinaria Mikhailovich Vasnetsova, a painter artist and historian - Moskvovda is located in the house number 6 in the Furmann Lane. You can get to it from the metro station "Clean ponds". From the station to turn to Gusseknikov Lane and go to the Greater Chaitonian Lane. Turn left and go to the right will not appear Chaplygin Street. Go along Chaplygin Street to Furmane Lane. In the second house on the right, in 2 entrances, on the 3rd floor there is a desired apartment.
- Museum-workshop of the sculptor A. S. Golubina is located at the address of the large Livshinsky lane, house number 12. Getting to it easier from the station of the Park of Culture. After leaving the subway, you need to find the "Metro Park Culture" bus stop at the Zubovsky Boulevard, in the direction from the Crimean Bridge, and wait for the bus No. 10 or No.79. Next, get to stop "1st Non-Nonalimovsky Lane". Return a little back to the Big Livhinsky Lane, and in the first house there will be a workshop. In September 2017, the room was closed for reconstruction.
- House-Museum P. D. Corina is located on the street of Malaya Pirogovskaya, House No. 16, Building 5, Flygel. The building is now repaired.
About the Tretyakov Gallery I heard any Russian, because this is the most famous museum of fine art in our country. It is here that the richest collection of Russian art from the Icon of the XI century to painting and sculptures of the beginning of the XXI century, and this museum was Manil since childhood. So my first visit here is 10 years old, and I always remember the subsequent visits with pleasure - so much new I discover for myself in every trip here!
Today, the gallery collections are located in two buildings: the main exposition dedicated to the art of old masters is located in a mansion in Lavrushinsky Lane, and the collection of the 20th century is presented in the building on the Crimean Shaft. It seems to me to visit at least one of the exhibitions of the Tretyakov, each guest of the capital is strictly necessary, because it is one of the most important attractions in Moscow.
How to get to the Tretyakov Gallery
Building in Lavrushinsky Lane
The historic building of the museum in Lavrushinsky Lane is so well known to Muscovites that at one time even gave the name of the nearest metro station "Tretyakovskaya" Kaluga-Riga line (on the map below indicated by the number 1). From the metro on the climate and large Tolmachevsky Lane, you can walk before the gallery on foot in just 7-9 minutes.
The adjacent station of the Zamoskvoretskaya Metro line "Novokuznetskaya" is also just a 10-minute walk from the Treasury: you will first need to go through Friday Street to the Climate Lane, and after - the same route. From land transport here you can get on the bus 25, trolleybus 8 or trams A, 3 or 39. However, I recommend you to use the subway, since in the center of Moscow you can easily get into the plug.
Building on the Crimean Shaft
The Gallery Building on the Crimean Shaft can be reached from the Metro Park Culture (figure 3on the map) or "Oktyabrskaya" (digit 2), After all, the building is in the Museon Art Park, exactly opposite the Gorky culture and rest park. From the subway you will reach the gallery for 10-12 minutes along the street of Crimea shaft. Also, evenly opposite the entrance to the park there is a bus stop "CPKIO named after Gorky", where the bus b and trolleybus are stopped.
Equally removed from both galleries Metro Polyanka Metro Station Timiryazevsko-Serpukhovsky line (on the map indicated by a number 4). Between the gallery you can go and walk - the distance of about 2 kilometers will be overcome for half an hour. The easiest and most picturesque option - along the promenade. You can admire the panorama of the city, as well as stroll through the Museum Park and explore the fun sculptures exhibited there. If you want to look at historical and cultural buildings, then go across the street Yakimanka with a free guide, developed by galleries and an Izi.Travel application. By the way, on the same site you can download and tour on both gallery buildings, the application information is available here.
Prices and mode of operation
Entrance tickets for each exposition will have to be purchased separately, the visit costs 400 rubles for adults, for pensioners and students - only 150 rubles, and for children under 18 - free. At the same time, all temporary exhibitions are included in the price of a ticket to the gallery on the Crimean shaft, and all temporary exhibitions are included, to visit the same time exposures in Lavrushinsky Lane will have to pay separately.
The gallery is open from 10:00 to 18:00 on Tuesday, Wednesday and Sunday, and from Thursday to Saturday, it works from 10:00 to 21:00. Note that you can enter the halls at least an hour before closing, so try to come at night at least one and a half or two hours before the end of the worker. Monday is a day off, also a gallery can be closed on some holidays, a special schedule is published on the site.
What is a gallery
I remember, as a child, I had a long time to visit the Tretyakov Gallery for a long time, and at one out of the weekend, my desire was finally implemented: my parents and I went to Moscow to get acquainted with Russian art. More precisely, adults got acquainted with him, and I just admired pictures whose reproductions were shown in art school, and proudly led to parents a brief art historical certificate about each significant canvas. Since then, much has already been forgotten, but this is the first impression - delight from how many masterpieces, the "the most" paintings that everyone knows is assembled under one roof, - still left with me.
Tretyakovskaya Gallery in Lavrushinsky Lane
The historic building of the Tretyakov Gallery always surprised me. His central facade reminds me of teremok: brick-red walls and white decor, three front porchs with triangular roofs, like the huts in children's pictures, stone platbands on the windows and doors, and at the very top - as if the church making, under which the coat of arms of Moscow is located With Georgy, a victorious piercing snake. A truly fabulous building reminds the revived Poznetsov picture or the illustration of Bilibina, setting us on the right way.
Although the building appears to be small outside, in two floors are located as many as 62 rooms, where works are stored since the XI century before the beginning of the twentieth century. If you like to roam the gallery slowly, studying every room for a long time, in the Tretyakov Gallery you will easily spend the whole day. And those who prefer to inspect only key masterpieces, they can easily be confused, because here there are famous canvases in almost every hall. Rublev, Vasnetsov, Bryullov, Aivazovsky, Kramskaya, Surikov, Repin, Savrasov, Queenji, Vereshchagin, Polenov, Nesterov, Serov, Korovin, Borisov Musatov, Vrubel - already this list of masters makes tremble, and I listed only the most famous artists, The canvases of which are presented in Lavrushinsky Lane. With a great desire, you can inspect the entire gallery for one and a half or two hours, but I advise you not to rush and allocate at least half a day.
After hitting the top lobby, you can immediately go to the introductory hall and on the second floor where the first halls are located if you have already purchased a ticket online. If you prefer regular cash registers, then go down to the lower lobby. Here are the wardrobe and storage cameras, the rental service of audio guides and museum kiosks, where souvenirs and books are sold. Having done everything you need, we begin to inspect the halls. You can navigate in the location of the halls and stairs according to the scheme (in full size it is available on the link).
In the first halls are portraits created by the artists of the XIX century. In the hall number 1 with portraits, Russian kings and queens, their heirs and representatives of the nobility are watched on us. But already in the next room there is a variety: simple people are depicted on portraits (for example, "Portrait of an unknown in Russian costume" AP. Argunova), and gaming canvas appear on the plots from Russian history and antique mythology.
The third hall is another gallery of parade portraits, where only one picture is knocked out of a common slender series - these are "Pigeons" I.F. GOOD. Several white-gray birds near the brick wall make up the whole simple plot of this canvase. It's funny to see him next to the images of the empress and the nobles, I immediately began to seem that there should be some kind of subtext in the picture, a certain allegory. Not in vain put him in this room? But I did not find an answer to my reflections, so you have to independently solve the question of how this picture is connected with the rest of the canvases in the hall. A number of portraits continue in the following premises, replacing a little landscape painting in the sixth hall. I always tired such rows of portraits, however, walking on these tires, clearly notice how the technique changed. Portraits in the seventh hall are completely different not like the works presented in the halls No. 1-3. More natural poses, living faces and very deep views, in which it is not just readed, but a whole story. Work V.L. Borovikovsky seemed to anticipate future portrait and genre scenes K. Bryullov, which we will see in the ninth hall.
Works Alexander Ivanova
We move to the halls dedicated to the artists of the first half of the XIX century, and the stylistics changes markedly. Everything seems to be more in-depth, meaningful, filled with hidden signs. These paintings do not simply depict people, landscapes or genre scenes, they transmit moods, make me take a minute for a minute at the canvas and feel the depicted. In Hall No. 10, there is one of my favorite pictures - "The phenomenon of Christ to the people" Alexander Ivanova.
I do not know what, but she remembered me from lessons in an art school, but I am also struck lively. The canvas cannot be ignored already because of its sizes: 5.5 by 7.5 meters! Figures of people who are preparing to enter the river and take baptism in the foreground, much more than the natural value. What monumental work, what kind of work! And how thinly, the details are mentioned! The artist worked on this picture for more than 20 years, but never managed to complete the cloth. What kind of titanic work did Ivanov, make it possible to judge sketches and sketches made by the artist during the work on the web. It is wonderful that they are posted in this and neighboring halls (№10 and 12), so that we can see how the initial idea changed in the process of work, as the artist was looking for images, as Moved to create a masterpiece by the method of samples and errors.
19th century genre painting
Curious room number 14, dedicated to the topic of the peasantry and the Russian village in the painting of the XIX century. Portraits of rural residents and peasant children, scenes from the life of the village, as well as the interiors of the country nobles give a complete picture of the life and the appearance of the Russian village of that time. Each time, passing through such halls, I regret that we have not been made to conduct history lessons in museums. How much could learn and understand the children, considering such pictures!
In the hall number 15, attention should be paid to the works of P.A. Fedotova: The plots of his canvases reflect life, although sometimes it seems like this illustration to the satirical stories of Gogol or Saltykov-Shchedrin. The famous canvas "Watching Major" (in the picture below), wonderful "Anchor, still Ancor!", "Fresh Cavalier", "Breakfast of the Aristocrat", "Disassembling the Bride", "Fashion Wife" - all these pictures reflect the details of the Meshchansky life, And they tell us stories, in something ridiculous, and in something sad, but such familiar and typical for that time. Clotts of the hall number 16 continue to this topic, where we meet the famous work V.V. Pukireeva "unequal marriage." Works V.G. Perov in the next hall also tell us about Russia's life in the XIX century, but the stories shown by them have a human face and much more tragic.
From the nobles and the messenger, we, together with the artist, we appeal to the life of workers and peasants, where solid misfortunes: poverty, hunger, illness and death. The famous "Troika", where the three children drag on the sleigh a huge barrel with water despite the bad weather around; "The arrival of the goover in a merchant house", where honest and kind girl enters the service for the arrogant and stingy Barina; Numerous paintings with the theme of death - "Drill", "Old men's parents on the grave of the Son", "The Return of Peasants with Fryors Winter," - All these canvases show the insaneness and hopelessness of the life of a simple person.
Halls No. 18-19 are devoted to landscape paintings: here and the famous "Gracis flew" by Savrasov, and Marina Aivazovsky; In the 21st Hall - the work of the Queenji, where the game amazes with the light, and in the 25th we are waiting for forests and fields, drawn in detail with shishkin.
The transition from social and household problems to landscape painting is not accidental: through nature we see another appearance of Russia - the countries of vigorine, great, mighty. This logically leads us to the hall number 26, where we meet with Russia from fairy tales and epic on the web V.V. Vasnetsova. The most famous picture here is "Bogatyri", which has already become a kind of business card gallery. In addition to the epic heroes, in this hall you can see Sister Alyonushka, Ivan-Tsarevich on the gray wolf, the princess of the underground kingdom.
The 27th hall carries us from the world of fairy tales to the world of exotic India in the paintings V.V. Vereshchagin. The most impressive (it is the most famous) canvas in this room - "apotheosis of war", on which we see the mountain of Cherepov, surrounded by a flock of crows in the desert. This picture always produces a very oppressive impression, forcing me to think about how it was meaninglessly doubling and people die in wars and how the human life is fleeting.
The following halls represent our work of such masters of realistic flow in painting, like V.I. Surikov. I.E. Repin, N.N. Ge. Living portraits of contemporaries alternate with paintings on the plots from the history of Russia. Here and "Fewing Morozov" (in the photo above), sent to the link, and "Menshikov in Berezov", and "Morning Strelets", and "Ivan the Terrible and Son of His Ivan", and "Cossacks write a letter to Turkish Sultan."
Painting the turn of the XIX-XX centuries: from realism to new art
Halls dedicated to the visual art of the turn of the XIX-XX centuries, open the paintings MA Vrubel (halls number 32-34). His technique drastically distinguishes his work from the bells of predecessors, as if clearly conducting the border between old and new, realistic painting and new, while only giving birth to themes in art. Among the most recognizable works - "Tsarevna-Swan" and "Demon (Sitting)" (in the photo below).
On this we are completing the inspection of the halls of the first floor, but do not be afraid - in fact, two thirds of the gallery have already studied. At the bottom, we were left to see quite a bit. After the plot and emotionally saturated paintings of the last halls, we can again translate the Spirit, considering the landscapes. In the halls number 35-38 we are waiting for the work of Polenov, Levitan, Grabar and other artists, and in the 39th - peasant painting M.V. Nesterova.
In Halls No. 40-41, the works of V.A. Serov, including "girl with peaches." Judging by the exhibition last in 2016, this artist enjoys great popularity with Muscovites, so it's certainly worth looking here. However, I personally have been much more interesting to study the work of K.A. Korovin (Hall No. 42), which are much better correlated with trends in world painting of that time. His technique - work with smears-color spots - allows not so much to see the details, how much to understand the overall mood and movement, energy of paintings. The illustration below is his work "Paris. Cafe de la PE."
No less Impressionistic canvases are represented in Halls No. 43-46, the most significant artists here - VE. Borisov-Musatov, B.M. Kustodiev, K.A. Somov and N.K. Roerich. Their techniques are not at all alike on each other, but their work predecessors differ even more clearly.
Final galleries: graphics, iconography, treasury
In the halls No. 49-54 there are an exhibition of graphics of the XVIII - the beginning of the 20th centuries, which is updated once every six months, so if you are interested in this type of visual art, be sure to look here. The last halls number 56-62 are devoted to the art of ancient Russia and icon painting. Here you can see typical work for different local schools, as well as the frescoes and icons created by such famous masters as Feofan Greek (Hall No. 58) and Andrei Rublev (Hall No. 59). Hall number 55 - Treasury of the Tretyakov Gallery, where icons and vintage books, jewelry and miniatures are presented.
As you can see, the main exposition of the Tretyakov Gallery in the Laurel Luggles is amazingly rich, so it's necessary to visit this museum: Even if you do not understand the pictorial art, you will surely see the pictures that you have repeatedly met in ordinary life - on the tutorial pages , on packaging products (for example, on candy), on advertising posters. And those who are interested in art can continue to get acquainted with Russian artists and sculptors of the 20th century in the Tretyakov Building on the Crimean Shaft.
Tretyakov Gallery on Crimean Shaft
Unlike the gallery in Lavrushinsky Lane, this exposition is less and inspecting it much faster. But to comprehend the works of avant-garde artists, cubists and representatives of other modernist currents of the 20th century turns out to be much more complicated.
Here, as in the main gallery building, the works are located in chronological order, from the first steps of avant-garde artists in the 1900s before the works of our contemporaries. It is curious that in the first halls we see many samples of experimentally art, among which not only paintings, but also unusual sculptures, compositions, kinetic machines. In the halls you can see several documentaries about Russian avant-garders, which will better understand their ideas and works.
New flows in art: symbolism, primitivism, abstractionism
Starting the gallery inspection, we move along the halls of the 1910-1920s. All the pictures presented here are plungefully different from creativity of classical artists, which is represented in the Tretyakovka in Laureli Lane. Although it is not yet abstractions, it is immediately clear that we are before us and not realistic art.
The game with meanings and forms, intentional care from realism and search for other, simpler ways to express complex philosophical ideas, typical of the whole art of the 20th century. Interesting expression, she gets in the works of M.F. Larionova. In the picture "Recreation of Soldier" (Hall No. 1, in the photo below) we see seemingly familiar portrait pose - the artists of the revival of vacationers Venus wrote, but here the artist deliberately mixes high and low, operating contrasts and expressing his attitude to social inequality societies.
Another popular direction of painting of those years is represented by paintings by N.S. Goncharova - It seems that her still life or "peacock" (halls number 1-2) are drawn by a five-year-old child, but for seeming simplicity, primitivism, complex associative connections.
One after another artists of the beginning of the century refuse to all the usual and realistic: color, prospect, manner of letters - everything undergoes changes, the evolution of which is so curious to trace, moving from the hall to the hall. The peak new art reaches in the work of avant-gardeists, whose brightest representatives are PN. Filonov (Hall No. 9), V.V. Kandinsky (hall number 9), M.Z. Chagall (Hall No. 9) and K.S. Malevich (room number 6). The pictures of Filonov and Kandinsky always especially fascinated me: it was so interesting to study the details, try to guess what was hidden behind these forms, flowers, lines.
I live from the compositions and improvisations of Kandinsky, I intercepted the breath: I think I don't just read about his experiments with color-music, but really see what the artist wrote about. These abstract structures, at first glance, seemingly randomly mixing color spots and lines, are able to immerse the viewer into a special emotional state. If earlier artists told and showed us stories, now they suggest us to feel them.
Kazimir Malevich: Avangard and Cubism in Fine Arts
The most famous artist whose works are presented here, no doubt Casimir Malevich is. As in the Louvre, the crowd of tourists attracts the "Mona Lisa" Leonardo da Vinci, so in the Tretyakovka on the Crimean Shaft, everyone seeks to see the "Black Suprematic Square" Malevich. This contradictory picture will perhaps will forever remain the subject of hot disputes between professionals and fans of painting. I confess if you do not share the views on the fact that this work is a masterpiece in its revolutionary plan and has a software value for the avant-garde, you are hardly impressed by the picture: just a black cracked square on a white background. Personally, I was curious to see this symbol of the revolution in art live, but it was much more interesting to consider Malevich's other works. It is curious that in two halls you can trace how the creative vision of the artist changed: from realistic symbolism to the avant-garde, cubism and again to more realistic art. His searches, originality and novelty of his creativity are not just a pair of halls, but a whole separate gallery.
In addition to paintings by artists, in the halls about the cubism and an avant-garde, it is possible to see the reconstruction of the workshop of the Society of Young Artists and the Pavilion "Work Club" Rodchenko (in the photo below), which reflect new directions of avant-garde and constructivism in design and decorative and applied art.
Pictures K.S. Petrova-Vodkina (Hall No. 13) is permeated with symbolism. So, it is impossible not to stop near his cloth "Bathing of the Red Horse" - perhaps the most famous work of the artist. Never interest me in reproductions, in the original it for some reason makes me stop and look at what is happening. The face of a boy, his pose, the figure of the horse himself - it seems, everything is filled here in a deep symbolic meaning: this is about the atonement of sins, and about spiritual purity, and about the new, born revolutionary art.
Other works of the artist are no less curious: the usual views of the portraits and sketches are endowed with the deep, often biblical meaning.
Tool painting 1930s
On this, the most difficult to perception halls end up, from revolutionary art we move to utilitarian painting, which is designed to perform ideological functions. I was really fascinated by these halls - what is interesting in the front portraits and huge canvases from the meetings of the Soviets? However, it is impossible to pass by these halls: yet the figurative art of the 30s is a distinct contrast with the painting of the beginning of the century. Construction, work, progress, sport, patriotism - these are the main themes of the cauldons of these halls. From philosophy to propaganda, from global problems - to private social contradictions. Looking at the work of A.A. Daeneki, Yu.I. Pimenova, I.I. Brodsky, I seemed to see how the same censorship is manifested in painting that in the literature. From software to life, everyday we involve in the paintings of the artists of the military and post-war times. Simple people, simple things, peaceful life and its such available and understandable joys - for a decade realism and the desire to reflect the completeness of a simple life return to Soviet art. Among the works of these halls, the works of A.A. Plastov "Senokos", "Dinner of tractor drivers", "Spring" (in the photo below).
Each of the canvases has two plan: realistic on which we see scenes from the usual life of peasants and workers, and symbolic, where the artist speaks of simple, but eternal values, praises life, shows us the beauty of everyday life.
From the 1960s to this day: the halls of contemporary art
The last halls of the galleries are devoted to the art of 1960-2000, in which the reflection found a variety of current trends. However, these halls seem to me the least interesting of all: many works of modern artists look frankly strange, but, unlike the works of avant-garde vessels, I do not feel the same semantic or emotional depth.
Educational courses in the gallery
The Tretyakov Gallery is not only a museum, but also a modern educational center, where you can listen to individual lectures and entire courses on the art of certain eras. It is curious that there is a special lecture program for children of 7-9 years, adolescents and adults, so it will be interesting at any age. As a rule, the course turns from 4 to 8 lectures, as well as excursions and walks around the city. You can purchase tickets for courses on top and at the box office of the gallery. The cost of one-time visiting for adults is 270 rubles, for students and pensioners - from 170 rubles; Children's lecturers are cheaper - from 130 rubles for the lesson. You can see the full list of programs and the schedule of course here.
For those who love not just listen to lectures on art, but practicing creative workshops will be practiced in creating their own works. One-time experience of painting for adults will cost 800 rubles, sculpture - 1000, and children's classes - 600 rubles. You can see the dates and the subject of classes in the sections "Art Practice" on the Gallery website.
Break for lunch
If during the Osmat of the gallery halls you were hungry, you can look at the Tretyakov Brothers Restaurant in a historic building in Lavrushinsky Lane. Here guests are offered Russian cuisine, but prices are not the most democratic: soups from 230 rubles, salads - from 270 to 700 rubles, and hot dishes - in the area 500. Desserts will cost 150-300 rubles, coffee - in 110-240 rubles ( Cappuccino - 160), and teas are 320 rubles per kettle for two. You can get acquainted with the menu and special offers of the restaurant on its official website. If you don't want to dine in the museum restaurant, you will find a lot of network cafes in the surrounding streets, including McDonalds, Coffee House, Chocolate and Varenny number 1.
Near the building on the Crimean shaft there are also several cafes. You can eat a snack or drink coffee in one of the small cozy venues on the embankment, network burger King and Chocolate, as well as several other cafes are located near the Oktyabrskaya metro station just a 10-minute walk from the gallery.
I always love to look into souvenir shops in museums: unlike ordinary souvenir shops with the same Chinese products, there is always something original and interesting here, and it is especially pleased that Russian museums are tightened to the level of leading European. In the souvenir distribution of the trains, I acquired a few postcards with reproductions of paintings: and the eye is pleased, and the price is adorable - only 10 rubles per piece. From more serious gifts Here you can find collection albums and books about the gallery and Russian painting in general (see the catalog here), prices are from 300 to 3,500 rubles, order reproductions of masterpieces (from 750 rubles) or buy silk scarves with motifs from famous canvases, 3500 rubles . See what is sold in the souvenir shop gallery in the online store.
For me, the Tretyakov Gallery is a real collection of treasures and pearls of Russian visual art, where you can find the work of classics, and painting of avant-garde artists, and modern works. A stroll through the gallery's halls must certainly have every, because there are so many things that you will definitely see the picture that reflects your mood and worldview.
If you love art, then in Moscow there is a museum that you should not miss: State Tretyakov Gallery, Chief Russian National Art Museum. You are that the collection of Russian painting of this museum will surprise you. In this article we will tell you how to organize a visit to this museum and what pictures should look.
Where is the Tretyakov Gallery
The main exhibition of the Tretyakov Gallery, which everyone is visited, is in Lavrushinsky Lane, 10 , 15-20 minutes walk from Red Square, the Kremlin or the church of Christ the Savior.
- The nearest metro station to the Tretyakov Gallery is Tretyakovskaya.
The main facade of the gallery (located on Lavrushinsky Lane, reminds Russian fairy tale and was erected between 1902 and 1904. The entrance to the museum has a statue of its founder Pavel Tretyakov. In this building, works of art, which come from the 11th century before the beginning of the 20th century, from The famous Russian icons to the Domongallic Mosaic, not forgetting, of course, about Russian masterpieces in the form of a portrait or landscape of the new time.
On how to get to Red Square, we wrote in the article on the link.
The entrance to the Tretyakov Gallery is a monument to Pavel Tretyakov. Then, next to the museum, you can find the Church of St. Nicholas, which dates back to the 17th century, in which artworks are also exhibited, such as icons, as it is another part of the museum that accompanies the spirituality of this place. In addition, other structures such as an engineering body were attached to the Tretyakov Gallery complex.
An outstanding fact was that in May 2012, the State Tretyakov Gallery was the headquarters of the World Chess Championship, trying to promote sports and art in unison.
It is curious that during World War II, in 1941, the collection was temporarily transported by train to Novosibirsk, the capital of Siberia, and Perm.
Find excursions in Moscow >>
Duration of visit. A visit can last at least 2 hours, although it will depend on your preferences.
Restaurants. Inside the museum there are cafeteria if you want to eat or drink. In addition, the hotel has a souvenir shop. If you are looking for a good outdoor restaurant from the museum, I recommend the restaurant of Russian cuisine Abramov, which is a 5-minute walk away.
A more economical restaurant of Ukrainian cuisine "Taras Bulba", which is also 5 minutes' walk, or the Grabli restaurant.
- Mode of operation: On Tuesdays, Wednesdays and Sundays from 10:00 to 18:00 on Thursdays, Fridays and Saturdays from 10:00 to 9:00 on Mondays day off.
About other museums of Moscow, read in this article.
Ticket price in the Tretyakov Gallery
Tickets online. The Tretyakov Gallery offers a basic entrance ticket to its permanent exhibitions for 500 rubles. You can purchase them on the Internet.
Online excursions to the Tretyakov Gallery
Excursions can be found on Tripster.
The origin of the museum
The State Tretyakov Gallery is one of the most important museums of the country, the best in Moscow and the main repository of Russian art, an indispensable place for art lovers. His artistic works range from medieval icons to the directions of Soviet socialist realism or avant-garde, passing through the main national painters over the centuries, reaching and to this day.
Founder of the museum
His name is connected with Pavel Tretyakov, the Moscow trader fabrics, a collector of works of art, which began its acquisitions in 1856. His brother Sergey helped him. In 1892, when he already had 2000 paintings, he handed his heritage to the city. A year later, the official opening of the museum took place.
This great patronage died in 1898 and was buried on a unique and beautiful Novodevichy cemetery. Of course, he had no idea what great popularity would be to use his private collection of paintings.
We moved to Antalya . We tell everything in detail in our group in contact with : https://vk.com/antalya2. Also see our videos on YouTube. : https://youtu.be/ox-vg2p2kjo.
Museum in different buildings
It is important that you know that this museum is in different buildings, but they are all united under the brand and are called the State Tretyakov Gallery. The most important of these are the state of the Tretyakov Gallery itself, where work is exhibited from the 11th century until the beginning of the 20th century, and the new Tretyakov Gallery, in which you can see the representatives of the modern Russian art of the twentieth and XXI centuries.
The Tretyakov State Gallery, the new Tretyakov Gallery and other branches with their own name, are estimated to be stored more than 180,000 works, one of the most valuable artistic treasures of Russia, mainly painting, but also sculptures.
What to see in the State Tretyakov Gallery
I would like to highlight some of the most recognized works and artists of the Tretyakov Gallery, if it can help you in your visit:
Works of Vasily Ivanovich Surikova (1848-1916), one of the most famous Russian realist artists. His most outstanding works are devoted to historical topics associated with Russia. Among them, the following are highlighted:
- Morning Streletzka execution , 1698 year. The Sagittarius were the Russian military authority created in 1550 during the reign of Ivan IV "Terrible. Sagittarius received land in payment for their services. In the XVI century, they became an elite organ and acquired an influence under the Russian yard. They rebelled in 1698 (Archerters' uprising of 1698) against Tsar Peter, when he was near Moscow. Returning, Peter cruelly punished Streltsov, who personally bangs some of them heads.
- Fear of Morozov . Theodosius Morozova was one of the most famous supporters of the movement of old estate or splitters. The picture shows the arrest of Feodosia in 1671, in which he holds two raised fingers, in this way the ancient shape of the procession made by two fingers.
- Bogatyri (1898) This is one of the main works of Viktor Vasnetsov, in which he worked twenty years. Here he represents Slavic heroes: Dobryna Nikitich, Ilya Muromets and Alyosh Popovich.
- "The congestion in the Kursk province" (1880-1883) Ilya Repin, the exquisite and well-known Russian artist-realista, who also allocates Ivan the Terrible and his Son (1885), the picture affected by the attack of vandalism in May 2018.
Works of Mikhail Vrubel (1856-1910):
- Princess Dreams (1896)
- Tsarevna-Swan (1900)
- "The phenomenon of Christ to the people" (1837-1857) A. A. Ivanov, at the end of which went twenty years.
- "Christ in the desert" (1872) Ivan Kramsky.
- "Trinity" Andrei Rubleva , the most famous religious artist of the country. The famous icon is probably written between 1425-1427.
- "Apotheosis of War" (1871) Vasily Vereshchagin, one of the most famous anti-war arguments in the history of art. Leave the pyramids with the heads of their victims on the outskirts of the conquered cities were custom of the Turkic-Mongolian conqueror of Tamerlane. This shocking scene Vereshchagin wanted to condemn not only this, but also all the coming war.
Composition VII (1913) of Vasily Kandinsky, artist predecessor of abstract and expressionist art worldwide, with a large number of works in the new Tretyakov Gallery.
- Princess Tarakanova (1864) Konstantin Flavitsky, depicting the flood in the Petropavlovsk fortress in the chamber, occupied by an allegedly false daughter of the Empress.
- Vladimir Virgin, The icon of the beginning of the IX century, to which he is experiencing great reverence in Russia. His author Anonymous, Byzantine origin and is located in the Church of St. Nicholas in Tolmacha.
- Portrait of an unknown woman (1883) Brushes Ivan Kramsky. She depicts a calm woman with a serious look. This is a very popular work in Russia at present, although it was not there, since there were people who thought it was an arrogant and immoral woman.
- "Girl with peaches" (1887) Valentina Serov, one of the great masters of Russian painting. This picture is considered to be the starting point of Russian impressionism. It is also worth noting the picture of the village "Village" (1898).
- "Morning in Pine Bor" (1889) Ivan Shishkin and Konstantin Savitsky. One of the most popular paintings of Russian art. There is a part of the picture that serves as a wrapper for the famous brand of Russian chocolate candies, which I love from childhood.
- "Sitting Demon" (1890) Mikhail Vrubel. This is not a typical portrait of the devil with horns and tail. This demon is beautiful, because he really was an angel before meeting with his creator.
- "Swimming Red Horse" (1912) Kuzma Petrova-Vodkina.
- "Black square" Casimir Malevich is a work that never leaves anyone indifferent and the latest version of which refers to the end of the 1920s or the beginning of the 1930s. You can also note its self-portrait (1910-1911).
If you do not know what to do in Moscow, we offer to visit Kolomna Park. About where is the Kolomna Park we wrote in the article on the link.
New Tretyakov Gallery - Art Museum of the 21st Century
New Tretyakov Gallery (located on the Crimean Shaft, 10) It was administratively united with the Tretyakov Gallery in 1985 and today I am pleased with the ideas of Russian contemporary art of the 20th and 21st centuries, avant-garde arts and new trends to today.
The neighboring building, called the Central House of the artist, since the 1980s was the venue for prominent exhibitions of world-class artists, and by 2022 there is a large reconstruction of the entire cultural network.
The nearest metro station to the new Tretyakovsky Gallery-October.
From the Tretyakov Gallery (Lavelushinsky Lane, 10) to the new Tretyakov (Crimean shaft, 10) can be reached on foot in about 25 minutes, driving about 2 km or a little more. During this walking journey, you can contemplate the statue of Peter the Great, located on a small island, a colossus with a height of 98 meters and weighing about 1000 tons.
It is worth visiting the new Tretyakov Gallery. Here are the works of modern Russian art with the works of Kandinsky, Chagal and Malevich. I also recommend visiting the surrounding park with sculptures and monuments of the former Soviet Union.
The ticket costs 500 rubles and can also be purchased online. Graphics are the same as in the main building of the Tretyakov Gallery. A visit can also last at least 2 hours.
Everything that every tourist tourist is commemorated:
(Visited 289 Times, 1 Visits Today)